THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL RESEARCHES IN URBAN MANAGEMENT

 

Special Number 1S, April 2009 

 

1. EDITORIAL NOTE. URBAN ISSUES IN ASIA.

Sofia COLESCA

Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania

In the last decade we have assisted at a spectacular transformation of the human settlements, as more than half of the world’s population lives in urban areas. This transformation acquired significant magnitude in Asia. In 1950, Asia had only one city with a population of more than 10 millions people; by 2015, it is projected to have 23 cities (Asian Development Bank. 2008). In a region where a population of one million constitutes a small settlement, urbanization creates many challenges, especially about how·to feed, shelter, and generate employment in a sustainable way  ...

2. MODELLING PRICE DYNAMICS IN THE HONG KONG PROPERTY MARKET

Sherry Zhefang ZHOU

Management Sciences Department

City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kon

 

Helen Xiaohui BAO

Department of Land Economy

University of Cambridge, United Kingdom

The property market in Hong Kong plays an important role in the political, social and economic life of this vibrant city. Understanding the dynamics of the market is essential to guide government policy making and investment decisions. Using data collected between 1993 and 2006, this study investigates the monthly returns, volatilities, and time-varying correlations in the residential, office, and retail property markets in Hong Kong ...

3. POST-EARTHQUAKE RECONSTRUCTION: TOWARDS A MUCH MORE PARTICIPATORY PLANNING

Sheng YING 

Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Institute

Shanghai, China

After the devastating Great Wenchuan Earthquake occured in May 2008, China responded rapidly to mitigate the losses caused. Post-earthquake reconstruction planning plays a crucial role to the future development of earthquake struck areas. The post-earthquake reconstruction planning work has demonstrated to be an immediate action and tends to be a much more open and participatory. Since the influence of long term planned economy in the past and its centralised administration system, planning in China is comparatively information-close to ordinary people ...

4. LAND TRANSFORMATION: A THREAT ON BANGALORE’S ECOLOGY - A CHALLENGE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Priya NARAYANAN

Ashok  D. HANJAGI

Bangalore University, Banglore, India

Land constitutes the most important character for sustainable development in a region. Rapid urbanization has become an area of crucial concern against the bonanza of urban ecology. The land use pattern of any urban area hints not only its immediate current space requirements of the inheriting community but rather the cumulative requirements over a period of year. Thus, the way a land use changes into, reveals a physical transformation of its economic use that indirectly unveils the demand for built-up space and as a result, the urban ecology is in imbroglio  ...

5. SUSTAINABLE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY IN PUNE METROPOLITAN REGION: ALTERNATIVE POLICIES

Sanjay RODE

Center for Development Alternatives

Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

The demand of drinking water is continuously increasing in the Pune Metropolitan Region. Growth of rapid urbanization, population, commercial units, institutions, IT and BT and township planning are the major factors. Supply of drinking water is planned according to the growth of population but the coverage and equitable distribution of water is low. Water loss during transmission and distribution is also higher. Private sector participation is most urgent need to reduce water leakages, improve the coverage and equitable distribution of water in Pune Metropolitan Region. Restructuring tariff will improve the water use and reduce wastage. ... 

6. THE ROLE OF LAND RIGHTS IN URBAN HERITAGE MANAGEMENT – THE EXPLANATORY POWER OF INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS ANALYSIS IN THE RECONSTRUCTION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE OF KOTAGEDE YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA’S POST EARTHQUAKE

Ismail OMAR 

Djurdjani WARDAYA

Univesiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia

 

Priyono Nugroho DJOJOMARTONO

Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta,  Indonesia

This paper discusses the importance of land rights in providing ways and means for the improvement and preservation of urban heritage cultural values in Yogyakarta. The use of comprehensive institutional approach considers actors’ behavior within their informal institutions in the reconstruction of cultural heritage post earthquake. Discussion focuses on the way landowners may constrains or enabling the reconstruction process. Interviews conducted with selected landowners indicated the way in which land rights impede the urban cultural heritage reconstruction. In the end, it shows how institutional economics analysis explains the role of land rights in the improvement of cultural heritage in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. ...

7. THE PROVISION OF INFRASTRUCTURE VIA PRIVATE FINANCE INITIATIVE

Ismail SYUHAIDA 

Md Yusof AMINAH

Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Technology Malaysia

Johor, Malaysia

The infrastructure delivery worldwide has recently shifted to a new paradigm where the government as the public procurer begins to rely on the private sectors’ sources in providing assets and services at no cost to the government. This revolution ensues due to the government’s dilemma in handling various globalisation issues of the belt-tightening government’s budget, the escalated world oil prices, pressure in confronting abandoned public projects, intention in reducing government’s financial burdens  as well as increased taxpayers’ demand on the quality of infrastructure assets and services. ...

8. FACILITY LOCATION MODELS DEVELOPMENT TO MAXIMIZE TOTAL SERVICE AREA

Ahmad Rodzi MAHMUD

Vini INDRIASARI

Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

This paper present and discuss the new developed model to maximize total service area of a fixed number of facilities.  Two greedy algorithms, Greedy Adding (ADD) and Greedy Adding with Substitution (GAS), were applied to solve the optimization problem of the Maximal Service Area Problem (MSAP). The MSAP is a discrete model where a specified number of facilities that achieve the best objective function value of the model are selected out of a finite set of candidate sites.  In this study the determination of Fire stations location in Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia, were chosen for simulation ...

9. THE USE OF SOCIAL NETWORK THEORY ON ENTREPRENEUR’S LINKAGES DEVELOPMENT

Mastura JAAFAR

Abdul-Rashid ABDUL-AZIZ

Muhammad-Hijas SAHARI

School of Housing Building and Planning

Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia

To  embark on any housing project, a developer needs to have support from various parties. The housing and construction industries are interrelated; they are in a relationship where construction plays a major part in the development process. Housing developers need to have strong support from the contractor, consultant, and suppliers (CCS) in completing their project. Studying the CCS selection methods can enhance the knowledge on the application of the social network theory (SNT) in the housing industry  ...

10. A SPATIAL ANALYSIS ON THE PROVISION OF URBAN PUBLIC SERVICES AND THEIR DEFICIENCIES: A STUDY OF SOME SELECTED BLOCKS IN KHULNA CITY, BANGLADESH

Khan Rubayet RAHAMAN

Md. SALAUDDIN

Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh

In most of the cities in Bangladesh, there is a considerable lacking in providing public services comparing with the demand. This study aims to identify the deficiencies in providing public services in three selected blocks of Khulna city, Bangladesh. Blocks are considered here as an individual small administrative unit within the jurisdiction of Khulna City Corporation. First the study identified the spatial concentration of the services among the blocks. The comparative situation of the blocks in terms of public services was viewed by location quotient method and Gini coefficient and neighbourhood standard were consider to identify the deficiencies ...

11. EVALUATION OF MUNICIPAL SERVICES IN SELECTED WARDS OF DHAKA CITY CORPORATION: CITIZEN’S PERSPECTIVE

Mohammad Shakil AKTHER

 Ishrat ISLAM

Md Musleh Uddin HASAN

Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology

Dhaka, Bangladesh

Dhaka city is the home of more than five million and is one of the most densely populated cities of the world. Dhaka City Corporation is responsible for providing various services to its citizen with its limited resources. ‘Citizen Report Card’ is one of the new methods to measure the performance of civic services provided by urban government. This study used this method to measure the performance of waste management, mosquito control and certification service offered by Dhaka City Corporation in some selected wards of Dhaka City ...