THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL RESEARCHES IN URBAN MANAGEMENT

 

Number 6(15), May 2010 

 

1. THE WEEE MANAGEMENT System IN ROMANIA. Dimension, strengtHs and WEAKNESSes

Nadia CIOCOIU

Ştefan BURCEA

Valentina TÂRŢIU

Academy of Economic Studies

 Romania

Management systems for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) have modernized as countries have accumulated experience. They are characterized by a profound dynamism because of the alert pace of growth of waste quantities which have been generated, but also because of the continuous diversification of the range of electronic equipment sold as an effect of the technical progress evolution and of the living standards of population growth. In Romania, the emergence and the development of WEEE management system has been stimulated by the need to align to the European Commission stipulations as a result of the integration into the European Union in 2007. In this context the present paper examines the strengths and weaknesses of WEEE management system in Romania.  ...

2. ANALYSIS OF THE COHERENCE OF LOGISTIC SYSTEMS FROM URBAN Environments USING INFORMATIONAL INDICES

Gheorghe BĂŞANU

Academy of Economic Studies

Victor TELEAŞĂ

Ministry of National Defense

Romania

The paper introduces a series of analysis models of the flows of materials and products existent inside a logistic system, elaborated according to the entropic and informational indices introduced in the first part of the paper, which are: informational entropy, the quantity of information, the organization degree, the mutual information, the informational energy and the coefficient of informational correlation. The theoretical elements are used in case studies in the second part of the paper, case studies that treat aspects from the domain of logistic management, oriented especially towards the functions of organization, coordination and evaluation of the logistic operations. ...

3. LOCAL STRUCTURES AND SOCIAL POLICIES: DESIGN AND USE OF SERVICES IN THE CASE OF A TYPICAL URBAN GREEK MUNICIPALITY

Vasiliki DELITHEOU

University of Central Greece

Eleni GENNADOPOULOU

Harokopeio University

Greece

Local Authorities constitute the statutory expression of the local state. Amongst the policies they implement, social interventions are of particular importance, as they aim at the welfare and development of local society. The aim of this study is to examine the restrictions of social interventions carried out by Local Authorities, as dictated by central social policy. In relation to the study of the Greek institutional framework in force, those factors are examined which bring about the successful provision of social services by the local state.According to a model of logistic regression that interprets the factors of satisfaction among those benefiting from the social services in the Municipality of Keratsini Attica, it was discovered that the problems in planning local social actions are similar to those in central systems ....

4. RISK, UNCERTAINTY, AND SPATIAL DISTINCTION: A STUDY OF URBAN PLANNING IN STOCKHOLM

Ylva UGGLA

Örebro University

Sweden

This paper examines urban planning in Stockholm, focusing on the proposal for a new comprehensive plan. It explores the problems urban planning has set out to solve and whether – and if so, how – the concepts of risk and uncertainty form part of the planning discourse. A departure point is that both urban planning ideals and the problems these ideals claim to address are constructed. Explicitly or implicitly, planning creates demarcations that make places and activities appear safe or risky, attractive or problematic, etc. Analysis of the proposal for a new comprehensive plan for Stockholm identifies at least three such boundaries or spatial distinctions: between centre and periphery, green areas and other parts of the city, and risky or unsafe areas and other areas. Likewise, the analysis finds evidence of a tension between rational planning and normative ideas of the “good city” in urban planning  ...

5. URBAN INDIA AND CLIMATE CHANGE: MITIGATION STRATEGIES TOWARDS INCLUSIVE GROWTH

Sohail AHMAD

Mack Joong CHOI

Seoul National University

Korea

Climate change has been emerged as a major challenge for the sustainable human settlement. The recent studies have established scientific evidences for climate change. This paper presents impacts of climate change in the urban India, which has about 30 percent of population and expected to grow over 800 million by next 50 years. Citizens are already facing adverse impact of climate change, which is evenly spread throughout the country and mostly to vulnerable citizens. India’s expenditure on adaptation measures was exceeded 2.6 percent of the GDP in 2006-07 shows the magnitude of monetary loss by climate change. Due to complexity of issues, systematic strategies are needed for adaptation and mitigation. In the light of ‘National Action Plan on Climate Change’ two urban sectors viz. urban transportation and municipal solid waste management are assessed and suggestions have been made for mitigation strategies ... 

6. AN ASSESSMENT OF THE QUALITY OF INTRA-URBAN BUS SERVICES IN THE CITY OF ENUGU, ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

Alphonsus Nwachukwu ALI

University of Nigeria Nsukka

 Nigeria

Despite the vital role that buses are able to play in any urban area, their services are frequently insufficient to meet demand and the services that are provided suffer from low output. This paper assesses the quality of intra-urban bus services that are provided by government agencies and private bus operators in the city of Enugu as perceived by bus commuters. In the 31 sample centres selected for this study 310 bus commuters were randomly interviewed to illicit information about their lengths of waiting time for the arrival of buses at the bus stops and their lengths of walking distances to the nearest bus stops. Using hourly bus frequency arrival count proforma, the number of buses arriving in each of the 31 sampled centres to carry passengers to different places in the city were collected by the stationed investigators between 6.00am and 6.00pm each day for one week. Descriptive statistic of mean and maps were employed to analyze the data collected.  ...

7. Urban air quality. A comparative study of major european capitals

Cristina ALPOPI

Sofia Elena COLESCA

Academy of Economic Studies

Romania

In this article, the authors made a comparative analysis of air quality in several European capitals, with the goal to identify  the place occupied by Bucharest among the most polluted cities in the European Union. For this analysis we used data reported by various member states, as well as data provided by the Romanian National Network of Air Quality. The  comparative analysis presents  the  last years evolution for  the concentration of the most important substances involved in the atmospheric pollution process, emphasizing the place occupied by Bucharest city  according to the quality index value of the cities ...