THEORETICAL AND EMPIRICAL RESEARCHES IN URBAN MANAGEMENT

 

Number 1(10), February 2009 

 

1. EDITORIAL NOTE

Sofia COLESCA

Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania

sofiac@man.ase.ro

 With this issue we celebrate the tenth release of publication of the “Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management” (TERUM) journal. TERUM was established in 2006 by the Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Management from the Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, with the original intention of creating a high-quality refereed journal with a standard of intellectual rigour and academic standing. The journal’s aim was to provide theoretically and empirically informed analysis on social, economical and technical issues related with urban development and management  ...

2. THE IMPACT OF THE COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2010 ON URBAN DEVELOPMENT OF DELHI

Vinayak UPPAL

Centre for Civil Society, New Delhi, India

vinayakuppal@gmail.com

India is all set to host the 2010 edition of the Commonwealth Games. This is the first major “hallmark event” to be hosted by New Delhi since the 1982 Asian Games. Hallmark events have the ability to transform the urban landscape of a city. This is the focus area of the paper. Can these games bring about a transformation of Delhi’s urban landscape, and if it does, will it do so in an egalitarian fashion? It also looks at worldwide experiences from various other hallmark experiences like the Summer Olympics and the Asian Games, and Delhi’s experience with hosting the 1982 Asian Games ...

3. HALF A LOAF. ARE NEW URBAN “HYBRIDS” A MARKETABLE OPTION?

Gary SANDS

Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, United States Of America

ac9623@wayne.edu

 

New Urban developments offer a physical form that differs considerably from the dominant pattern of suburbanism in North America.  While theorists argue that New Urbanist principles must be adopted in their entirety, property developers often find that compromises must be made to obtain necessary government approvals.  This results in “hybrid” developments that lack all of the features of true New Urbanism. Based on surveys of residents of two Canadian communities, it would appear that some of the touchstones of New Urbanism are not actually essential and that there are few significant differences in in resident satisfaction levels between residents of different types of New Urban communities ...

4. TRANSFORMING THIRD WORLD CITIES THROUGH GOOD URBAN GOVERNANCE: FRESH EVIDENCE

Franklin OBENG-ODOOM

Department of Political Economy, University of Sydney, Australia

fobe7790@usyd.edu.au

 

Many Ghanaians believe that introducing multi-party elections at the metropolitan, municipal and district levels would ensure the election of competent people to manage the urban or local economy. This belief is premised on the assumption that electorates are informed and would vote for competent politicians. Using the 2008 elections in Ghana, it is argued that only a minority of electorates vote on issues; the majority vote along tribal and party lines; and based on how “humble” a politician is or simply based on monetocracy.  This means that introducing elections into the local government system would not necessarily lead to a transformation of the local or urban economy; greater local democracy is not the answer to the housing problem, sanitation crisis, unemployment burden and the poverty challenge. There may be the need for a new form of local democracy ...

5. DOES DEMOLITION OF SLUMS AFFECTS ON PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN’S HEALTH IN MUMBAI?

Sanjay RODE

Center for Development Alternatives, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India 

sanjayjrode@gmail.com

 

This paper compares the incidence of malnutrition among below five age group children in demolished and not demolished slums in Mumbai. After demolition of kuttcha slums, the incidence of stunting and wasting increases among boys. The incidence of underweight is observed very high for girls. Incidence of severe malnourishment becomes double after demolition of kuttcha slums ... 

6. INTERDEPENDENCY BETWEEN SIMULATION MODEL DEVELOPMENT AND KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

Florica LUBAN 

Daniela HÎNCU

Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania

florica.luban@man.ase.ro

daniela.hincu@man.ase.ro

 

The paper discusses the relationship between simulation and knowledge management. Simulation models are increasingly being used to simulate processes in many different domains, including urban management, for solving decision problems. Usually, during the model development, the simulation team developing the model must rely on the knowledge provided by domain experts. In order to facilitate this simulation modelling process, appropriate collaborative knowledge management tools may be utilised ...

7. The INFLUENCE OF JURIDICAL REGULATIONS UPON TOURIST TOWN-PLANNING

Carmen IORDACHE  

Iuliana CEBUC

Constantin Brâncoveanu University, Pitesti, Romania

iordache72@yahoo.com  

iuliacebuc @yahoo.com

 

Urban tourism, if correcly planned, developed and managed, may create advantages and benefits both to urban communities and overall society. By systematically implementing planning based on intelligent management and town-planning regulations complying with the organizing and long-lasting growth requirements of towns, local and national communities, benefits can be maximized, whereas troubles minimized ...

8. MULTIDISCIPLINARY OPTIMIZATION IN URBAN SERVICES MANAGEMENT

George MOLDOVEANU 

Oana ABĂLUŢĂ

Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania

gmoldoveanu9@yahoo.com 

oana_maty@yahoo.com

 

Optimization methods may be applied to the services operations management. A comprehensive objective function (a cost-function to be minimized) leads to a multidisciplinary optimization, considering all aspects of a services business unit. However, this introduces a very large number of variables (examples with tens of thousands of variables are presented), making classical optimization methods inadequate. The paper introduces the use of genetic algorithms and illustrates it in one example: leisure services ...

9. SLUMS  IN ROMANIA

Cristina IACOBOAEA

Tehnical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Romania 

cristinai@utcb.ro 

 

In the present days, we are watching in Romania, a process of differentiation of urban spaces according to the conditions of living, regardless of size and level of their development. The period of economic transition has changed in worst the drawbacks already existing in slums, which have been mainly marked by economic and social seclusion, absence of any infrastructure, dilapidated overcrowded houses without any minimum social-economic endowments, high degree of insecurity in areas where habitation coexisted with unemployment, alcoholism, drugs, violence and crime ...

10. THE ROLE OF URBAN MARKETING IN THE LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Gabriela STĂNCIULESCU

Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania

gabriela.stanciulescu@com.ase.ro

 

Urban marketing is an indispensable element within the strategies for economic development of the cities, contributing to the overall vision of the strategy. This helps cities to accomplish many objectives (attracting new national or international companies, consolidate industrial infrastructure, developing tourism, diversifying and improving transport and health services), while they have to maintain a certain level or to cut off public expenses, and to face the harsh competition to attract new investors. The biggest challenges for urban marketing are changes occurred in market structure and dynamics, which exceed the response capacity of the cities ...

11. URBAN REGENERATION PROCESS IN ROMANIA

Oana LUCA

Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Romania

oana@utcb.ro

 

The paper presents an up-to-date subject in today’s Romania: urban regeneration as an objective of society. The paper try to find solutions for the essential dysfunctions referring to financial resources, migration of work labor, gentrification process etc. all related to the urban regeneration process. Conclusion is that the level of urban regeneration in Romania is far from meeting the characteristic features of the new urbanism, as perceived worldwide. The urban design focused on traditional forms aimed at putting an end to urban sprawl and the decline of the cities are insufficiently promoted in our society ...

12. BOOK REVIEW ON “THE CITY AND THE URBAN COMPETITION” BY IRINA POPESCU"

Cristina ALPOPI

Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania

calpopi07@yahoo.com

 

The book “The city and the urban competition / Oraşul şi competiţia urbană”, written by Irina Popescu, has recently been published at Economic Publishing House of Bucharest, Romania. The book is structured in 4 parts and it is very rich in concepts, ideas, theories, principles and comparative studies, representing an important contribution of the author to the development of the literature concerning the study of the city ...